Know more

Our use of cookies

Cookies are a set of data stored on a user’s device when the user browses a web site. The data is in a file containing an ID number, the name of the server which deposited it and, in some cases, an expiry date. We use cookies to record information about your visit, language of preference, and other parameters on the site in order to optimise your next visit and make the site even more useful to you.

To improve your experience, we use cookies to store certain browsing information and provide secure navigation, and to collect statistics with a view to improve the site’s features. For a complete list of the cookies we use, download “Ghostery”, a free plug-in for browsers which can detect, and, in some cases, block cookies.

Ghostery is available here for free:

You can also visit the CNIL web site for instructions on how to configure your browser to manage cookie storage on your device.

In the case of third-party advertising cookies, you can also visit the following site:, offered by digital advertising professionals within the European Digital Advertising Alliance (EDAA). From the site, you can deny or accept the cookies used by advertising professionals who are members.

It is also possible to block certain third-party cookies directly via publishers:

Cookie type

Means of blocking

Analytical and performance cookies

Google Analytics

Targeted advertising cookies


The following types of cookies may be used on our websites:

Mandatory cookies

Functional cookies

Social media and advertising cookies

These cookies are needed to ensure the proper functioning of the site and cannot be disabled. They help ensure a secure connection and the basic availability of our website.

These cookies allow us to analyse site use in order to measure and optimise performance. They allow us to store your sign-in information and display the different components of our website in a more coherent way.

These cookies are used by advertising agencies such as Google and by social media sites such as LinkedIn and Facebook. Among other things, they allow pages to be shared on social media, the posting of comments, and the publication (on our site or elsewhere) of ads that reflect your centres of interest.

Our EZPublish content management system (CMS) uses CAS and PHP session cookies and the New Relic cookie for monitoring purposes (IP, response times).

These cookies are deleted at the end of the browsing session (when you log off or close your browser window)

Our EZPublish content management system (CMS) uses the XiTi cookie to measure traffic. Our service provider is AT Internet. This company stores data (IPs, date and time of access, length of the visit and pages viewed) for six months.

Our EZPublish content management system (CMS) does not use this type of cookie.

For more information about the cookies we use, contact INRA’s Data Protection Officer by email at or by post at:

24, chemin de Borde Rouge –Auzeville – CS52627
31326 Castanet Tolosan CEDEX - France

Dernière mise à jour : Mai 2018

Menu Logo Principal Oniris

Home page


Rethinking of Antimicrobial Decision-systems ​in the Management of Animal Production

"To contribute to the fight against antimicrobial resistance resulting from farm animal production and to an overall reduction in the use of antimicrobials and its impact on the environment, animal health and public health (One Health approach)".

ROADMAP is a four-year EU-funded project that aims to support the transition to prudent use of antimicrobials in animal production in a wide variety of settings by promoting a rethinking of antimicrobial decision-making systems along the food chain.

More specifically, the project will lead to the development of options to reduce the use of antimicrobials in agriculture. ROADMAP is responding to the desired impacts through a multi-stakeholder approach, with an interdisciplinary consortium composed of researchers from different fields (economic, social, animal and veterinary sciences), as well as advisors and consultants from animal health professional organisations and stakeholders and decision-makers at national, European and international level.

By identifying the main drivers of antimicrobial use and studying current practices in different contexts, ROADMAP contributes to the transition to prudent antimicrobial use by rethinking antimicrobial decision systems in animal production management. In particular, ROADMAP contributes to :

  • The protection of animal health and welfare through improved animal health prevention and control ;
  • The protection of human health through the preservation of the antibiotic arsenal, better control of the spread of resistant bacteria and improved food safety ;
  • The protection of the environment through better control of the spread of resistant bacteria (through agricultural waste in particular).

The overall objective of ROADMAP is to promote transitions to prudent antimicrobial use in animal production in a wide variety of contexts. This change will be achieved by improving antimicrobial decision making systems throughout the food and pharmaceutical supply chain. The originality of ROADMAP lies in the fact that, for the first time, a project applies the conceptual approaches "food systems" and "transition pathways" to the topic of antimicrobial use. So far, research has focused on technical solutions and behavioural changes, but not on a broader understanding of the systemic dynamics and thus the necessary changes. ROADMAP's new theoretical and methodological framework allows it to bring new knowledge and solutions to the crucial issue of antimicrobial resistance.

From an interdisciplinary and multi-stakeholder perspective, ROADMAP addresses the most important challenge in the fight against antimicrobial resistance, namely to find solutions adapted to local contexts. It will draw lessons from countries and production systems that have already reduced antimicrobial use and build on successful experiences to develop transition scenarios capable of mobilising all actors involved in animal health management (from farmers and veterinarians to upstream and downstream industries and public authorities). In addition, by carrying out field work in different regions of Europe and in low- and middle-income countries, ROADMAP contributes to harmonise trends and dynamics towards prudent use of antimicrobials in farm animals.

Finally, ROADMAP has an impact on a wide range of actors involved in the overhaul of animal production management. By combining economic, social, animal and veterinary sciences, ROADMAP will provide not only effective technical solutions to promote prudent antimicrobial use, but also socio-economic tools and incentives that will ensure their acceptability and thus their implementation. Transition pathways involving all food and pharmaceutical supply chains will indeed promote an overall reduction in antimicrobial use, driven by a combination of strategies adapted to different production systems.