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Poster video presentation of Rodney Feliciano at the IAFP virtual conference of 2021

Poster presentation of R. Feliciano
Probabilistic modelling of the exposure of E. coli in raw milk

Rodney Feliciano, Phd student in the framework of the European project, ITN PROTECT, on the effects of climate change on food safety, presented his work in the IAFP virtual conference which held on the 27th and 28th of april, 2021.

Modélisation probabiliste de l'exposition à E. coli dans le lait cru

Rodney Feliciano, Secalim, INRAE / ONIRIS, Nantes, France
 Géraldine Boué1, Fahad Mohssin2, Muhammad Mustafa2, Jeanne-Marie Membré1

1Secalim, INRAE, Oniris, Nantes, France

2AlSafi Danone, Al-Kharj, Saudi Arabia

Introduction: Probabilistic modelling tools are increasingly being developed to take into account the different sources of variability and uncertainty along the food safety continuum in exposure or risk assessment models. These models are also popular to reflect real-life data and generate what-if scenarios to inform decision makers.
Purpose: Probabilistic modelling tools were utilized in developing a coliform bacteria exposure assessment model in raw milk in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). This country was taken as proxy of what will happen in Europe in the near future due to climate change.
Methods: The initial coliform concentration in raw milk was derived from industrial dairy farm data (around 1695 data) while microbial growth was determined across various scenarios of time and temperature storage, using existing databases. The exposure to coliform was interpreted considering KSA and EU standards. The probabilistic model, with uncertainty and variability separated, was implemented in R using the mc2d while to fit the data, the nls function and the packages nlstools and fitdistrplus were used.
Results: The level of exposure to coliform concentration was compared to KSA and EU standards as function of various time and temperature conditions. The impact of raw milk, storage time, chilled temperature conditions on the compliance regarding these standards was analysed in details. The upcoming climate change may affect the storage temperature but also the milk quality due to potential cow heat stress.
Significance: The application of probabilistic modelling tools to assess current exposure can be expanded to other food systems. The ways on how the variability and uncertainty from data inputs and storage scenarios were addressed, using second order Monte Carlo procedure, provide an added-value to develop realistic exposure assessment models and suggest mitigation options.

See also

Projet PROTECT